शिक्षक की भूमिका 

गुरू गोविन्द दोऊ खड़े, काके लागूं पांय।
बलिहारी गुरू अपने गोविन्द दियो बताय।।

गुरू और गोबिंद (भगवान) एक साथ खड़े हों तो किसे प्रणाम करना चाहिए – गुरू को अथवा गोबिन्द को? ऐसी स्थिति में गुरू के श्रीचरणों में शीश झुकाना उत्तम है जिनके कृपा रूपी प्रसाद से गोविन्द का दर्शन करने का सौभाग्य प्राप्त हुआ।

गुरू, यह शब्द नहीं हैं, यह अपने आप में यथार्थ है, अपने आप में ब्रह्मांड है, वरन् अपने आप में एक अतुलनीय शक्ति है, जिसके छत्र छाया में आते ही यह मानव रूपी शरीर, चेतना को पाता हुआ संपूर्णता को पाने को अग्रसर हो जाता है।

शिक्षक एक ऐसे व्यक्तित्व को चित्रित करता है, जो सभी को ज्ञान देता है, सिखाता है और जिसका योगदान किसी भी देश या राष्ट्र के भविष्य का निर्माण करना है। सही मायनो में कहा जाये तो एक शिक्षक ही अपने विद्यार्थी का जीवन गढ़ता है। शिक्षक ही समाज की आधारशिला है। एक शिक्षक अपने जीवन के अन्त तक मार्गदर्शक की भूमिका अदा करता है और समाज को राह दिखाता रहता है, तभी शिक्षक को समाज में उच्च दर्जा दिया जाता है।
सही मायने में देखा जाए तो शिक्षक समाज के शिल्पकार हैं।

तभी तो संत कबीर ने कहा है –

गुरु कुम्हार शिष कुंभ है, गढ़ि गढ़ि काढ़ै खोट |
अंतर हाथ सहार दैनिक, बाहर बाहै चोट  ||

गुरु कुम्हार है, और शिष्य घड़ा है; गुरु भीतर से हाथ का सहारा देकर और बाहर से चोट मार मार कर तथा गढ़-गढ़ कर शिष्य की बुराई को निकालते हैं।जिस  तरह कुम्हार अनगढ मिट्टी को तराशकर उसे सुंदर घडे की शक्ल दे देता है, उसी तरह गुरु भी अपने शिष्य को हर तरह का ज्ञान देकर उसे विद्वान और सम्मानीय बनाता है। हां, ऐसा करते हुए गुरु अपने शिष्यों के साथ कभी-कभी कड़ई से भी पेश आ सकता है, लेकिन जैसे एक कुम्हार घडा बनाते समय मिट्टी को कडे हाथों से गूंथना जरूरी समझता है, ठीक वैसे ही गुरु को भी ऐसा करना पडता है। वैसे, यदि आपने किसी कुम्हार को घडा बनाते समय ध्यान से देखा होगा, तो यह जरूर गौर किया होगा कि वह बाहर से उसे थपथपाता जरूर है, लेकिन भीतर से उसे बहुत प्यार से सहारा भी देता है।

माता पिता हमें जन्म देते हैं, और बोला जाता है कि उनका स्थान कोई नहीं ले सकता, लेकिन हमारे समाज में हमेशा से ही गुरु को उनके बराबर का औदा दिया गया है।
विद्यार्थी को पाठ पढ़ाना एवं शिक्षा देना ही केवल शिक्षक का काम नहीं वरन् शिक्षक वह है जो अपने विद्यार्थियों का हर पथ पर पथ प्रदर्शन करता हो। कोई भी मुसीबत हो, कैसी भी परिस्थिति हो, शिक्षक अपने छात्र की सहायता बड़े ही चाव से करते हैं और अपने सुझाव से जीवन में आगे बढ़ने के लिए सदैव प्रेरित करते हैं।

शिक्षक वह जीवन की मूरत हैं, जो निःस्वार्थ दूसरों को ज्ञान का उजाला बांटकर उनके जीवन को गतिशील, भावना और उच्च विचारों से जुड़े कर्म कर जीवन की ऊंचाइयों पर ले जाते हैं। इसलिए हमें केवल एक दिन यानी ‘5 सितंबर’ को ‘शिक्षक दिवस’ मनाने का ढोंग नहीं मचाना चाहिए। असल में शिक्षकों का सम्मान तो हर पल, हर दिन, हर समय होना चाहिए ताकि हमें ज्ञान का भंडार देने वाले उन शिक्षकों को हम सही मायने में पूज सकें। उनके द्वारा प्रदान गुणों को ग्रहण कर हम समाज का सही मायने में कर्ज अदा कर पाएंगे। उन्हें सही मायने में पूज पाएंगे। सभी शिक्षकों को शिक्षक दिवस पर शत् शत् नमन ।।
अतः मैं उन सभी शिक्षकों का इस कविता द्वारा आभार प्रकट करना चाहता हूँ  जिन्होनें मुझे जीने का सारांश सिखाया –

शिक्षक

जन्म लेते ही इस पृथ्वी पर
पाया मैंने पहला गुरु
माँ पिता बने मेरे शिक्षक
कर्म करना सिखाया शुरू।

फिर आई स्कूल की बारी
शिक्षकों की है लम्बी कतार
पग पग पर राह दिखा
किया है उन्होंने मुझ पर उपकार।

फिर पहुंचा मैं कॉलेज में
मिले मुझे कई पथ प्रदर्शक
गुरुओं ने जीवन का महत्व सिखा
दिया मुझे गौरव का शीर्षक।

कोचिंग के शिक्षकों ने भी
क्या खूब निखारा है,
मित्र, भाई और अन्य लोगों का भी शुक्रिया
जिनका हर कदम पे रहा सहारा है ।

गुरुओं ने ही मिल कर तो
किया है मेरा व्यक्तित्व निर्माण,
जहाँ जहाँ आई है दुविधा
कराया सही पथ का पहचान,
उनकी छाया में रह कर ही
पाया है मैंने विद्या रूपी ज्ञान,
न्याय का है पाठ पढ़ाया
बनाया है मुझको इंसान,
जीवन का संघर्ष सिखाया
आयुष्य का किया उत्थान,
जीवन में आने वाले सारे गुरुओं को
मेरा सादर सादर प्रणाम ।।

पुरूषोत्तम नारायण

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