The challenges faced by rural communities in India in both access to mainstream media and coverage by it have major implications for democracy and civic participation.
Colonialists and missionaries introduced newspapers to India primarily as a vehicle for supporting British rule. Indigenous newspapers soon followed, first launched mainly to promote social, religious, educational, and political reforms; political figures launched many newspapers to advance anti-colonial philosophies. By 1947, when India achieved independence, the print press had developed a strong tradition of advocacy and political partisanship.
In subsequent decades, press freedom was constitutionally protected; but Indian newspapers were increasingly controlled by industrial or business groups who used their news outlets to lobby for their own economic interests. Following the economic liberalization of the 1990s, India’s media landscape expanded dramatically. Rapid liberalization and deregulation opened the door to expansion and investment by multinational companies, including international satellite-distributed television.
Several experiments that turn on the participation of non-professionals in collecting, reporting, analyzing,and disseminating news are provoking enormous ferment in journalism around the world.
New technologies and applications such as blogging, social networking, and streaming help citizens challenge journalist Monopoly to define , Produce & disseminate News.
All the journalists expressed their impressions of citizen journalism in adamant, vivid language. They typically defined citizen journalism as involving “ordinary”people without formal journalism training who focus on important local issues. They largely agreed that citizen journalism can bring news from rural areas, where mainstream media do not reach and have no reporters.Having begun with a reasonably supportive definition, however, most of them soon became more negative; as elaborated below, they challenged citizen journalism for its activist agenda and lack of fact checking or verification.
At Last I would like To Present here only one thing As Conclusion::-
You can’t give people minimal training with a camera and expect them to produce journalism. I think citizen journalism is very reactive; you have an incident and maybe for a time people are interested but not on a day-to-day level. It just takes too much work.
Thank You !!
📝Written By :-M KJha “Manibhushan”